Typically we define a broad concept of human culture in contrast to physical and biological processes.
One key feature Differentiates the cultural, even if the precise boundaries between it, the physical, and the biological sometimes remain blurred. Cultural phenomena convey meanings, and they do so because cultures are composed at least in part of beliefs.
Willard Clark Gore: Image and Idea in Logic
Some components of a culture, such as political tracts and literary works, usually stand as self-conscious attempts to convey meanings through language. Other components of a culture, such as sculpture and painting, usually stand as self-conscious attempts to convey meanings through nonlinguistic forms. Yet other components of a culture, such as habits of association and sporting activities, do not usually represent any sort of self-conscious attempt to convey meanings. Students of culture concentrate on the meanings conveyed by patterns of behaviour, forms of social organisation, economic systems, technical inventions, and the like, not on these things in themselves.
History in Focus
To study the history of ideas is to study meaning, and so culture, from a historical perspective. But then the study of culture must always be parasitic on history. This is an ideal starting point for students looking to understand the historical development of logic.
Aristotle's Logic, Adriane Rini 2. Stoic Logic, Katerina Ierodiakonou 3.
Peirce, Peter Ohrstrom 7. Frege, Walter Pedriali 8.
Peano and Russell, Alexander Bird 9. Instead of contributing to what was likely an over-saturated market of half-baked theories by putting forth his own, Aristotle took a step back. Another monumental inflection point in the history of logic occurred deep in the 19th century.
No longer an unstructured, interesting subject championed mainly by intellectual rebels, the field of logic gained an entire new group of adopters during this time period that would drastically reshape the face of logic as a subject: mathematicians. Two note-worthy, independent movements took place within the world of logic during that time period that bear mentioning:. The focus of this series is to uncover the crux that drives all applications of modern logic.
In advanced subjects, proofs are very much a common form of language, so a core understanding here can go a long way in further readings.
The Concept of Idea and Its Logic
An argument contains one or more special statements, called premises , offered as a reason to believe that a further statement, called the conclusion, is true. Sign in.
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